Beginning in 1961, architects and engineers employed by the Office of Civil Defense began a systematic search of existing buildings across the United States in order to find suitable fallout shelter spaces in the event of a nuclear war. Known as the National Fallout Shelter Survey, these inspections examined public and private properties for desired characteristics such as solid construction materials, cleanliness, and below ground rooms. While investigating existing buildings, however, the OCD simultaneously encouraged any party constructing a new building to add a fallout shelter into the planning stages. In order to demonstrate how some organizations were incorporating fallout shelter space into new buildings, the OCD created Texas Has a Brand New School in 1965. Focusing on United High School in Laredo, Texas, the film highlights a number of features which were meant to serve both educational and protective functions.